NT Communications are specialist Data and Voice Communications Cabling contractors who have undertaken many small, medium and large sized communications projects for government, defence, education and private sectors.

If you struggle to differentiate between twisted pair cables and fibre optic cables, you’re not alone. System cabling – although simple in the eyes of professionals – is often quite confusing for the average business owner.

In the digital age, data cabling options are forever evolving and changing as new technology becomes available. As a business owner, it is hard enough knowing what type of cabling is required for your network – let alone trying to work out how to install it!

What is data cabling?

As the name suggests, data cabling refers to the physical cables that connect your business’s communications network – including servers, computers, laptops, printers and telephones. By connecting your business’s devices via a data transfer medium (i.e. the data cable), it becomes possible to facilitate data sharing and communication throughout the office itself – and beyond.

What types of cables are available?

When it comes to data cabling, there are different types of cables available that are suited to varying purposes. While the old coaxial cables are all but dead and buried in the modern office, there are now high performance cables in their place that facilitate the transfer of far larger quantities of data. NT Communications will be able to provide advice regarding the type of cables suited to your specific business requirements.

Businesses with an internal network of computers, printers, CCTV and telephony devices usually require local area network (LAN) technology. For this purpose, Ethernet cables are generally used. The composition of Ethernet cables has changed over the years as technology progresses; today’s cables are capable of transferring higher volumes of data compared to older cables. With higher internet speeds and increased demands in terms of communication and data transfer, high performance Ethernet cables are essential.

When it comes to the composition of the cable itself, there are two main types to choose from: twisted pair cables and fibre optic cables.

Twisted pair cables are nothing new; they emerged in the 1990s and have been used in place of old-style coaxial cables. Upon their release, they quickly became the standard for Ethernet connections. These cables consist of up to eight wires twisted together and are the most commonly used type of cabling across Australia – largely due to their high performance capabilities and low cost.

Fibre optic cables utilise the latest technology to deliver superior data transfer capabilities – in fact, these cables have made data transfer faster and more efficient than ever before. Their use in Ethernet cabling is on the rise as the cost decreases and businesses discover the advantages. This type of cabling makes it possible to transmit sophisticated video and data signals – as well as traditional signals such as fax and phone.